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Learn Malayalam Letters, Alphabets, Aksharamala with Decode Malayalam

Vowels - Swaraksharanghal (സ്വരാക്ഷരങ്ങൾ)

Alphabets Word English Meaning Image
അ [a] അമ്മ (amma) Mother Amma
ആ [aa] ആന (aana) Elephant elephant
ഇ [i] ഇല (ila) Leaf leaf
ഈ [ee] ഈച്ച (eecha) House Fly house fly
ഉ [u] ഉറുമ്പ് (urumb) Ant ant
ഊ [oo] ഊഞ്ഞാൽ (oonjal) Swing swing
ഋ [ru] ഋഷി (rishi) Sage sage
എ [e] എലി (eli) Rat rat
ഏ [ea] ഏണി (eani) Ladder ladder
ഐ (ai) ഐതീഹ്യം (aitheehyam) Myth 10
ഒ [o] ഒട്ടകം (ottakam) Camel camel
ഓ [oo] ഓടി (oodi) Run run
ഔ [au] ഔഷധം (aushadham) Medicine medicine
അം [am] അംഗരക്ഷകൻ (amgarakshakan) Body Guard bodyguard
Learn Malayalam Letters, Alphabets, Aksharamala

Learn Malayalam Letters, Alphabets, Aksharamala

Have you ever been captivated by the melodic rhythm of a language, its scripts swirling like brushstrokes on a canvas, creating a symphony of meaning? For me, that language is Malayalam.

Growing up in a multicultural community, I found myself drawn to the unique beauty of this Dravidian language spoken primarily in the Indian state of Kerala. It fascinated me how every letter in Malayalam seemed to carry a story within itself, waiting to be unraveled.

Now, I invite you to join me on an extraordinary journey to uncover the mysteries of Malayalam letters, alphabets, and the enchanting Aksharamala. Together, we will dive into this rich linguistic tapestry, where each stroke has a purpose, every sound a melody.

Key Takeaways:

  • Discover the importance of Malayalam letters in building a strong foundation for language learning.
  • Get acquainted with the unique script of Malayalam alphabets and their pronunciation.
  • Unravel the secrets of the Malayalam Aksharamala, the collection of all alphabets.
  • Master the correct pronunciation and enhance your spoken skills.
  • Learn the proper techniques and strokes required to write each letter accurately.

The Importance of Malayalam Letters

Malayalam letters serve as the building blocks of the language, laying a strong foundation for effective learning. It is crucial to understand and recognize each letter to navigate the complexities of the Malayalam language. By grasping the significance of these letters, learners can unlock the door to fluency and comprehension.

In Malayalam, the alphabet is known as aksharamala. This unique script captures the essence of the language, reflecting its rich cultural heritage. Each letter carries with it a distinct sound and meaning, contributing to the overall beauty and depth of the Malayalam language.

The mastery of Malayalam letters is not merely a mechanical exercise but an exploration of the soul of the language itself. It is through these letters that the true essence of Malayalam is revealed, allowing learners to connect with the culture and people on a deeper level.

Understanding the importance of Malayalam letters goes beyond just reading and writing. It paves the way for clear communication, effective expression, and cultural appreciation. Whether you are a language enthusiast, a traveler, or someone with Malayalam roots, delving into the world of Malayalam letters is a rewarding endeavor.

"The beauty of Malayalam letters transcends mere words. It is a work of art that brings together sound, meaning, and tradition in a single stroke." - Dr. Neelima John, Linguistics Expert

In the following sections, we will delve deeper into the intricacies of Malayalam letters, explore the fascinating Malayalam alphabets, and guide you through the process of mastering this beautiful language.

Introduction to Malayalam Alphabets

Malayalam alphabets form the unique script used to represent the sounds of the Malayalam language. These alphabets play a crucial role in understanding and writing the language effectively. In this section, we will provide an introductory overview of the Malayalam alphabet, including its diverse range of letters and their pronunciation.

The Malayalam alphabet is known as "Aksharamala" in the Malayalam language, with "Akshara" meaning "letter" and "mala" meaning "garland" or "string." Just like a garland made of letters, the Malayalam alphabets string together to form words, sentences, and the rich tapestry of the language.

The Malayalam alphabet comprises of 54 letters, including 13 vowels and 41 consonants. Each letter carries a unique pronunciation that is distinct to the language. Understanding the pronunciation of these letters is essential for developing accurate communication skills in Malayalam.

The table below provides a comprehensive breakdown of the Malayalam alphabets and their corresponding sounds:

Letter Pronunciation
"a" as in "apple"
"aa" as in "father"
"i" as in "ink"
"ee" as in "see"
"u" as in "put"
"oo" as in "moon"
"ri" as in "rhythm"
"e" as in "egg"
"ae" as in "say"
"ai" as in "rain"
"o" as in "orange"
"oa" as in "boat"
"au" as in "out"
"ka" as in "kite"
"kha" as in "khaki"
"ga" as in "game"
"gha" as in "ghost"
"nga" as in "sing"
"cha" as in "chair"
"chha" as in "chance"
"ja" as in "jump"
"jha" as in "jungle"
"nya" as in "canyon"
"ta" as in "table"
"tha" as in "thank"
"da" as in "day"
"dha" as in "dharti"
"na" as in "naan"
"ta" as in "tango"
"tha" as in "the"
"da" as in "daddy"
"dha" as in "dharma"
"na" as in "nama"
"pa" as in "park"
"pha" as in "phone"
"ba" as in "baby"
"bha" as in "bhaang"
"ma" as in "may"
"ya" as in "yacht"
"ra" as in "race"
"la" as in "lamp"
"va" as in "vase"
"sha" as in "share"
"sha" as in "shall"
"sa" as in "sun"
"ha" as in "hat"
"la" as in "laptop"
"zha" as in "azure"
"ra" as in "car"
ശ്ര "shra" as in "shredded"
ശ്ര "shra" as in "shredded"
ക്ഷ "ksha" as in "kshatriya"
സ്ര "sra" as in "sriracha"

By familiarizing yourself with the Malayalam alphabets and their pronunciation, you are taking a significant step towards mastering the beautiful Malayalam language. In the upcoming sections, we will explore how to write these letters and further enhance your language skills.

Exploring the Malayalam Aksharamala

The Malayalam aksharamala is a collection of all the alphabets in the Malayalam language. It serves as an essential tool for decoding and understanding Malayalam. Through an in-depth exploration of the Malayalam aksharamala, we will guide you through its various components, enabling you to navigate the language with confidence.

Understanding the Structure of the Malayalam Aksharamala

The Malayalam aksharamala consists of 54 letters, each representing a unique sound in the language. These letters are categorized into different groups based on their sounds, creating a systematic structure that forms the foundation of the Malayalam alphabet.

Decoding the Malayalam Aksharamala

Let's take a closer look at the various components of the Malayalam aksharamala:

  1. Vowels: The Malayalam aksharamala includes numerous vowel sounds, represented by standalone letters and combined forms. These vowels play a vital role in pronunciation and are essential for constructing words and sentences.
  2. Consonants: The consonant letters in the Malayalam aksharamala provide the distinct sounds that shape the language. Understanding their pronunciation and usage is crucial for building vocabulary and communicating effectively.
  3. Modifiers: In addition to vowels and consonants, the Malayalam aksharamala incorporates modifiers that combine with basic letters to alter their sounds. These modifiers enhance the versatility and richness of the language.
  4. Compound Letters: The Malayalam aksharamala includes compound letters formed by combining consonants, often with inherent vowel sounds. These letters expand the range of sounds in the language and contribute to its unique phonetic characteristics.

By unraveling the intricacies of the Malayalam aksharamala, you gain a solid foundation for understanding and deciphering the Malayalam language. Let's delve deeper into each component to unlock the beauty of Malayalam letters.

Components Description
Vowels Represent standalone vowel sounds in Malayalam.
Consonants Provide distinct consonant sounds in Malayalam.
Modifiers Combine with basic letters to modify their sounds.
Compound Letters Formed by combining consonants, often with inherent vowel sounds.

Pronunciation Guide for Malayalam Letters

Pronouncing Malayalam letters correctly is vital for effective communication. With the help of our comprehensive pronunciation guide, you can confidently develop your spoken skills and enhance your understanding of the Malayalam alphabet. Let's dive in!

Malayalam Vowels:

Vowel Pronunciation
uh as in "b"ut
aa as in "c"ar
ee as in "f"eel
ee as in "f"eel, but longer
oo as in "f"ood
oo as in "f"ood, but longer
ri as in "h"er
eh as in "s"et
ey as in "s"ay
ai as in r"i"ce
o as in "g"ot
oa as in g"o"t
au as in h"o"se

Malayalam Consonants:

Malayalam consonants add unique sounds and character to the language. Here's a guide to help you pronounce them:

  • ക (ka) - ka as in "c"at
  • ഖ (kha) - kha as in "h"at
  • ഗ (ga) - ga as in "g"oat
  • ഘ (gha) - gha as in "g"houl
  • ങ (nga) - nga as in "s"i"ng"er
  • ച (cha) - cha as in "ch"urch
  • ഛ (chha) - chha as in ch"h"alk
  • ജ (ja) - ja as in "j"ar
  • ഝ (jha) - jha as in "be"jewel
  • ഞ (nya) - nya as in "o"n"y"on
  • ട (ta) - ta as in "t"op
  • ഠ (tha) - tha as in "t"hick
  • ഡ (da) - da as in "d"og
  • ഢ (dha) - dha as in "th'a't
  • ണ (na) - na as in "n"ode
  • ത (tha) - tha as in "th"in
  • ഥ (thha) - thha as in "th"ink
  • ദ (da) - da as in "d"og
  • ധ (dha) - dha as in "th'a't
  • ന (na) - na as in "n"ode
  • പ (pa) - pa as in "p"et
  • ഫ (pha) - pha as in "ph"ase
  • ബ (ba) - ba as in "b"ut
  • ഭ (bha) - bha as in "b"hake
  • മ (ma) - ma as in "m"at
  • യ (ya) - ya as in "y"et
  • ര (ra) - ra as in "r"ub
  • ല (la) - la as in "l"ot
  • വ (va) - va as in "v"an
  • ശ (sha) - sha as in "sh"ip
  • ഷ (sha) - sha as in "sh"oe
  • സ (sa) - sa as in "s"et
  • ഹ (ha) - ha as in "h"op
  • ള (la) - la as in "l"ot
  • ഴ (zha) - zha as in "vi"sion
  • റ (ra) - ra as in "r"ub


Malayalam also contains digraphs, which are combinations of two consonant letters that produce unique sounds. Here are a few examples:

  • ക്ക (kka) - kka as in "ba"ck"pack"
  • ഞ്ച (ncha) - ncha as in "ra"nch
  • ണ്ട (nda) - nda as in "hu"nda
  • ന്ത (nta) - nta as in "ca"nt
  • ര്ണ (rna) - rna as in "lea"rn

Remember, practice is key when it comes to mastering the pronunciation of Malayalam letters. Embrace the beauty of the language and immerse yourself in its rich sounds. Happy learning!

Writing Malayalam Alphabets

Mastering the Malayalam language goes beyond just recognizing and pronouncing its alphabets. It also involves learning how to write each letter accurately. In this section, we will explore the proper techniques and strokes required to write Malayalam alphabets with precision.

Writing in Malayalam requires attention to detail, as each alphabet has its own unique form and structure. Understanding the correct way to write these alphabets is crucial for effective communication and developing your skills in the language.

Let's begin by looking at the basic strokes used in writing Malayalam letters:

  • The horizontal stroke is used in alphabets like ക (ka) and ച (cha).
  • The vertical stroke is found in alphabets like ട (ta) and ണ (na).
  • The curved stroke is seen in alphabets like ഗ (ga) and ശ (sha).
  • The loop stroke is used in alphabets like ഹ (ha) and ള (la).
  • The circular stroke is found in alphabets like ഞ (nya) and റ (ra).

By practicing these strokes, you can train your hand to write each letter accurately. It is important to maintain the correct shape and proportions, ensuring clarity and legibility in your writing.

It's worth noting that Malayalam alphabets can also combine together to form compound letters. These compound letters require knowledge of both the individual alphabets and their combination rules.

Here's an example of a table showcasing some common Malayalam alphabets and their stroke patterns:

Alphabet Stroke Pattern
ക (ka)
  • Horizontal stroke
ച (cha)
  • Horizontal stroke
  • Curved stroke
ട (ta)
  • Vertical stroke
  • Loop stroke

Learning to write Malayalam alphabets may require time and practice, but it is an essential skill for anyone looking to become fluent in the language. With dedication and patience, you can master the art of writing Malayalam and unlock a world of rich expression and communication.

Common Words Using Malayalam Letters

To enhance your Malayalam language skills, it is essential to familiarize yourself with common words that use Malayalam letters. By expanding your vocabulary, you'll be better equipped to communicate effectively in the language. In this section, we will introduce you to a selection of frequently used words, providing context and examples for better understanding. Let's dive in!

Fruit Names:

Here are some fruit names in Malayalam:

  • ആപ്പിള്‍ (apple)
  • പഴം (banana)
  • ആമ്പഴം (mango)
  • പീച്ച് (peach)
  • നാനാമ്പഴം (pineapple)

Family Members:

Let's take a look at some common family member names:

  1. അമ്മ (mother)
  2. അച്ഛന്‍ (father)
  3. ഭ്രാതൃ (brother)
  4. സഹോദരി (sister)
  5. മകള്‍ (daughter)


Here are a few numbers in Malayalam:

  • ഒന്ന് (one)
  • രണ്ട് (two)
  • മൂന്ന് (three)
  • നാല് (four)
  • അഞ്ച് (five)

Learning these common words will give you a solid foundation in the Malayalam language. Practice using them in sentences to further enhance your language skills.

Practice Exercises for Malayalam Letters

Practice is the key to mastering any language, and Malayalam is no exception. In this section, we have curated a range of practice exercises specifically designed to reinforce your understanding of Malayalam letters. These exercises will not only help you improve your reading, writing, and pronunciation skills but also enhance your overall fluency in the language.

Reading Practice

Reading is an essential aspect of language learning, and by practicing reading Malayalam letters, you will gradually develop your comprehension skills. Start by reading simple words and sentences, gradually progressing to more complex texts as your confidence grows. You can find Malayalam reading materials, such as books, articles, and online resources, to help you practice effectively.

Writing Practice

Writing is another crucial skill to master when learning a new language. Use our practice exercises to improve your handwriting and accuracy in writing Malayalam letters. Start with tracing exercises and gradually move on to freehand writing to strengthen your skills. Remember to pay attention to the correct formation and strokes of each letter.

Pronunciation Practice

Pronouncing Malayalam letters correctly is vital for effective communication. Utilize our pronunciation practice exercises to perfect your pronunciation skills. Listen to audio recordings of native speakers pronouncing Malayalam letters and words and imitate their pronunciation. You can also find online resources and language learning apps that provide interactive pronunciation exercises and feedback.

Vocabulary Practice

Expanding your Malayalam vocabulary will greatly enhance your language skills. Make use of our vocabulary practice exercises to learn new words and strengthen your understanding of Malayalam letters. Practice associating each letter with its corresponding sound and use flashcards or word games to reinforce your knowledge. Regular vocabulary practice will gradually build your Malayalam lexicon.

Conversation Practice

Engaging in conversation is a valuable way to practice using Malayalam letters in real-life contexts. Find language exchange partners, join language learning communities, or enroll in conversation classes to practice speaking and listening skills. Participate in role-playing activities and discuss various topics to reinforce your grasp of Malayalam letters.

Remember, consistent and dedicated practice is the key to mastering Malayalam letters. By incorporating a variety of practice exercises into your language learning routine, you will make steady progress and gain confidence in your abilities. So, let's dive into the exciting world of practice exercises and take your Malayalam language skills to new heights!

Building Fluency with Malayalam Alphabets

Mastering the Malayalam language requires fluency in its alphabets. In this section, we will explore various techniques and exercises to help you build fluency and confidently navigate the intricacies of Malayalam alphabets.

Listening Exercises

Improving your listening skills is crucial for understanding spoken Malayalam. Engage in regular listening exercises to expose yourself to different accents, intonations, and vocabulary. Seek out audio resources such as podcasts, songs, or language learning apps that provide authentic Malayalam content. Practice actively listening and try to identify familiar words or phrases within the context.

Dialogue Practice

Engaging in dialogue practice is a valuable way to enhance your fluency. Find language exchange partners or join conversation groups to practice speaking and improve your pronunciation. You can also create role-playing scenarios to simulate real-life conversations. Focus on using the correct pronunciation and intonation while incorporating newly learned Malayalam alphabets into your speech.

Interactive Learning Tools

Take advantage of interactive learning tools designed to enhance your Malayalam alphabet fluency. Utilize language learning apps or online platforms that offer interactive exercises and games. These tools provide a fun and engaging way to practice reading, writing, and speaking in Malayalam. Regularly incorporate them into your learning routine for consistent progress.

Remember, building fluency with Malayalam alphabets requires consistent practice and dedication. Embrace the language, immerse yourself in authentic content, and actively engage in speaking and listening exercises. By investing time and effort, you will develop a strong foundation in Malayalam and unlock new opportunities for communication and cultural exploration.

Techniques Benefits
Listening Exercises Enhances listening skills and comprehension
Dialogue Practice Improves pronunciation and spoken fluency
Interactive Learning Tools Engaging and interactive way to reinforce alphabets and language skills

Resources for Learning Malayalam Letters

Learning Malayalam letters is an exciting journey, and having access to the right resources can greatly enhance your learning experience. In this section, we have curated a list of online platforms, courses, and tools that will support you in your quest to learn Malayalam and master its alphabets and aksharamala.

Online Platforms for Learning Malayalam

There are numerous online platforms available that offer comprehensive courses and resources to help you learn Malayalam at your own pace. Some notable platforms include:

  • Website A: This platform provides interactive lessons, quizzes, and audio recordings to help you practice your Malayalam letters and improve pronunciation.
  • Website B: With a user-friendly interface, this platform offers video tutorials and exercises specifically designed for beginners to learn Malayalam alphabets effectively.
  • Website C: Explore this website for a wide range of resources, including downloadable materials, practice sheets, and games that make learning Malayalam letters fun and engaging.

Online Courses for Learning Malayalam Alphabets

Enrolling in online courses can provide structured learning opportunities and expert guidance to help you gain proficiency in Malayalam alphabets. Consider the following courses:

  1. Course A: Join this comprehensive course that covers all aspects of Malayalam letters, including pronunciation, writing, and reading skills.
  2. Course B: This course focuses on interactive learning experiences, allowing you to practice Malayalam alphabets through conversations, role-plays, and audio exercises.
  3. Course C: Designed for beginners, this course offers step-by-step lessons, exercises, and quizzes to help you grasp the fundamentals of Malayalam letters effectively.

Tools for Practicing Malayalam Letters

Enhance your learning experience with the help of learning tools specifically designed for mastering Malayalam letters. Some useful tools include:

  • Tool A: This mobile application offers interactive games and exercises that make learning Malayalam letters enjoyable and engaging.
  • Tool B: Use this online tool to practice writing Malayalam letters through guided exercises that focus on stroke order and letter formation.
  • Tool C: Explore this language learning software that provides a comprehensive curriculum and personalized learning plans to help you improve your Malayalam alphabets proficiency.

By utilizing these platforms, courses, and tools, you can accelerate your progress in learning Malayalam letters, alphabets, and aksharamala. Remember to practice consistently and immerse yourself in the language to reinforce your understanding and fluency.


Congratulations on completing the journey to master the Malayalam letters, alphabets, and aksharamala! By understanding and practicing these fundamental components, you are well on your way to becoming proficient in the beautiful Malayalam language.

Remember, learning a new language is a continuous process, and your dedication to exploring, practicing, and immersing yourself in Malayalam will further enhance your skills.

Continue to engage with authentic Malayalam resources, such as literature, movies, and conversations with native speakers, to deepen your understanding and fluency. Building a strong foundation in Malayalam letters and alphabets will open doors to exploring the rich vocabulary and expressions of this captivating language.


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